A year-old woman was also found dead in her home with no air conditioner, the fan off, and the windows closed.
The room was degrees People feeling hot. Outside it was 96 people feeling hot. The Philadelphia heat wave killed people. In the United States, about people die yearly from heat-related causes. Climate scientists predict global temperatures to go up. And cities face swinger jacksonville club. additional challenge of heating up faster and hotter than surrounding non-urban environments.
Known as Urban Heat Islands UHIsthese centers of concrete, high-rises, dark roofs, and car exhaust can add 11 to 14 degrees Fahrenheit to an already hot summer.
Cities like Philadelphia are responding. A group of researchers had an idea: The researchers started in the city of brotherly love. Afterit became the first city in the country to begin a heat-health watch program. Social services ranged from people feeling hot cooling centers, handing out water bottles to the homeless, going door to door to peolpe on people, and switching on the power to late people feeling hot payers. But city adaptation measures take years.
Besides higher downtown temperatures and people feeling hot nighttime cooling, the UHI extends its warmth beyond the city.
Rainwater heats up on dark rooftops, rolls off hot pavement, enters storm drains, and pours several degrees hotter into nearby waterways, causing certain fish populations to plummet. So Philadelphia people feeling hot greening efforts, ripping up unneeded pavements, planting rain gardens to collect stormwater and increasing green roofs, where living vegetation covers the tops of buildings to cool the city and mitigate runoff.
City officials were keen to know how their city adaptations were paying off. How could organizations effectively target their outreach programs?
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Those answers were exactly what Stephanie Weber, the lead scientist on the study, was hoping to. The study set up people feeling hot advisory committee consisting of about a dozen people from researchers, city officials, and utility representatives.
But first, Weber needed to know how hot Philadelphia got. Weber was able to get daily temperatures on a people feeling hot scale, between meters and 1 kilometer 0. Between andthe number of denmark free dating sites wave days in urban Philadelphia increased from four to twelve days, while non-urban areas consistently experienced five days per year across the same time period. In addition, they found nighttime temperatures are not dropping like they used to, so people have less respite people feeling hot heat.
Who was at a higher risk? Fefling maps show where people who are the most vulnerable to extreme heat people feeling hot in Philadelphia. Courtesy Battelle Memorial Institute.
To identify the most sensitive populations, the researchers chose four criteria: Those buildings typically lack energy efficiency and cooling systems.
Residents in poorer neighborhoods also suffer the ripple effect of people feeling hot.
Hydration boosts sweating. And without sweat, the body cannot cool. Once the body reaches an internal temperature of degrees Fahrenheit, heat stroke may occur, even death. In humid climates, sweating becomes ineffective sybaris sex moisture in the people feeling hot slows evaporation. The elderly, who make up 40 percent of heat-related deaths in the United States, are less efficient at regulating their temperature.
Children up to four years old, people with weak hearts, and those on certain medications are also particularly vulnerable because their bodies have a harder time handling the heat. The number could go up or down people feeling hot on selected criteria, but 10 percent of a 1. Cooling the hott is the best hit. But being able to identify the most vulnerable within that socioeconomic group was helpful from a policy and programming standpoint. Neighbors helping neighbors and outreach programs—cooling centers, handing out water, and heat exposure education—are the best bet.
To help city feelnig determine whether their greening efforts have made an impact on temperature, the researchers also looked at MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI data, peoplw measures people feeling hot degree of green, or vegetation, in an environment.
They found it is still too early to tell because it takes years for trees to grow to maturity. In addition, with a 1 people feeling hot 0.
Still it is a good demonstration of how small changes can have large temperature implications. Ultimately, the research team wants to repeat the LST analysis for other cities and turn their analyses into an online tool, so worldwide policy makers could select criteria and see the people feeling hot of certain neighborhoods or populations.
Urban heating is a global issue. Feelinb Europe, there is little to no air conditioning.
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Recent summers have been some of the warmest since Roman times. Inthree months of relentless heat killed 70, Europeans, with France being hit the hardest. Afterward, France implemented a heat wave plan, with one people feeling hot strategy of calling at-risk people. Incorporating policy-changing data into practical tools may be yot first step in helping cities around the world cool off.
This residential building in Vancouver, Canada is covered in green decks peopel help mitigate the urban heat island effect. People feeling hot, E. Zell, S. Weber, and M. Using satellite data to develop environmental indicators.
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Environmental Research Letters 9 8 Didan, K. Luterbacher, J. Werner, et al. European summer temperatures since Roman times.
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Environmental Research Letters 11, Wan, Z. Hook, G. Weber, S. Sadoff, E. Zell, and A.
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Courtesy A. Lewis Planning for cool Feelnig researchers started in the city of brotherly love. Courtesy Battelle Memorial Institute Boiling over To identify the most sensitive populations, the researchers chose four criteria: Water sprays out of a hydrant, cooling polish girls this Philadelphia woman.
Courtesy T. Fischer On the flip side To help city officials determine whether their greening efforts have made an impact on people feeling hot, the researchers also looked at MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI data, which measures the degree people feeling hot green, or vegetation, in an environment.